By Gerhard Seel, Jean-Pierre Schneider, Daniel Schulthess (eds.)
Ever on account that Aristotle's recognized argument concerning the sea-battle the next day, there was in depth and arguable dialogue between philosophers even if the reality of statements concerning the destiny ends up in determinism. Ther e is controversy approximately Aristotle's personal method to the matter, in addition to the perspectives of classical and medieval commentators on Aristotle. Seel's e-book makes an attempt to reply to this query for the Neoplatonist Ammonius (5th-6th century AD). In so doing, he additionally opens up new insights into Neoplatonic proposal.
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Extra info for Ammonius and the Seabattle: Texts, Commentary, and Essays
I shall argue that it was this school that discovered a vital distinction that would later allow the neoplatonic commentators, Ammonius and Boethius, to develop a new solution to Aristotle's απορία. As we shall see, they argued that sentences about future contingent events are either true or false, but not definitely so. They tried to show that deterministic consequences would follow only if all assertoric sentences were either definitely true or definitely false, but in fact some Cp. Cicero, Fat.
Pr. 30,95; Simplicius, In Arist. Cat. 406,21ff. Cp. also M. Frede 1974,40-44. Cp. , In Arist. , 402,33-35. I use the reconstruction given by S. Bobzien 1998a, 85. 24 Part II: Introduction (P2) The Principle of Bivalence holds. (CI) Therefore the General Causal Principle holds as well. Step two (P4) The General Causal Principle implies the Fate Principle. (C1/P3) The General Causal Principle holds. (C2) Therefore the Fate Principle holds as well. The General Causal Principle is that there is no motion without cause.
It should not be forgotten that the distinction is between 'already' and 'not yet', and not between 'in a definite way' and 'in an indefinite way'. It is therefore plausible to suppose that the expression following 'not yet' has the same value as the expression following 'already'. In support of this interpretation, M. Mignucci has argued that ίφωρισμένως can very well be connected to ν&η μέν ουκ εστίν αλφη rj ipevivj at 407,12-13. 47 If so, there is no longer a contradiction in the text. It says that, according to the Peripatetics, future contingent sentences are either true or false, but not in a definite way, at the time of their utterance.
Ammonius and the Seabattle: Texts, Commentary, and Essays by Gerhard Seel, Jean-Pierre Schneider, Daniel Schulthess (eds.)