By Robert Voeks Ph.D., John Rashford Ph.D., M.A. (auth.), Robert Voeks, John Rashford (eds.)
African Ethnobotany within the Americas offers the 1st entire exam of ethnobotanical wisdom and talents one of the African Diaspora within the Americas. major students at the topic discover the complicated courting among plant use and which means one of the descendants of Africans within the New global. by way of archival and box study performed in North the US, South the US, and the Caribbean, members discover the historic, environmental, and political-ecological components that facilitated/hindered transatlantic ethnobotanical diffusion; the function of Africans as energetic brokers of plant and plant wisdom move in the course of the interval of plantation slavery within the Americas; the importance of cultural resistance in refining and redefining plant-based traditions; the vital different types of plant use that resulted; the alternate of data between Amerindian, eu and different African peoples; and the altering importance of African-American ethnobotanical traditions within the twenty first century.
Bolstered by way of considerable visible content material and contributions from well known specialists within the box, African Ethnobotany within the Americas is a useful source for college students, scientists, and researchers within the box of ethnobotany and African Diaspora studies.
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Extra resources for African Ethnobotany in the Americas
It would appear, therefore, that rice growing reached and spread along the Atlantic coast in the first millennium CE, but we have no written evidence until European explorers burst upon the scene in the fifteenth century. Sometime between 1446 and 1451, a Portuguese caravel captain, Estêvão Afonso, went ashore in what was probably the Gambia River and reported many rice fields in marshland (Zurara 1960: 246). The Venetian Alvise da Ca’ da Mosto confirmed that report in 1456 (Crone 1937: 70). In 1462, Pedro de Sintra reported rice on the Kaloum Peninsula, site of Conakry in modern Guinea (Crone 1937: 80).
As we have seen, Enciso reported rice further east, on the Ghanaian coast. This was confirmed at the turn of the seventeenth century by the Dutchman Pieter de Marees (1987: 62, 63, 159) and the turn of the following century by his compatriot Willem Bosman (Bosman 1967: 6–7; Jones 1995: 220). In the gap between the Bandama River and Axim, French visitors to Assinie in the southeastern corner of Côte d’Ivoire reported rice cultivation in 1692 and 1701 (Roussier 1935: 60, 168–169, 184, 191, 213). A modern French scholar, Claude-Hélène Perrot, suggests that the use of rice in basic local rituals, as noted in 1701, points to its longtime presence in the area (Perrot 1990: 13).
European vessels deliberately transported African livestock to tropical America since the animals were better adapted to the climate than their European counterparts. The African “hair” sheep did not have the woolly coat that made the lowland tropics inhospitable for European breeds. But it did satisfy colonists’ demands for animals suited to New World tropical environments. The hair sheep was introduced as a meat animal in the early settlement period of Brazil, Barbados, and Jamaica. Marcgraf noted its arrival in Brazil via ships from western Africa.
African Ethnobotany in the Americas by Robert Voeks Ph.D., John Rashford Ph.D., M.A. (auth.), Robert Voeks, John Rashford (eds.)