By Thomas Oberlies
The 2 nice epics of (old) India, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, are written in a language, which differs from so-called classical Sanskrit in lots of info. either texts nonetheless are of an incredible value in India and different nations. due to this, a grammar describing all of the various features of epic Sanskrit has been neglected formerly. The Grammar of Epic Sanskrit will now shut this hole.
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Additional info for A grammar of epic Sanskrit
Icalizationsl: aranj- 'the notched extremity of a bow' ( artni-), kacchapa- 'tortoi se' ( kaiyapa- x maccha- [< matsya-If, koma/a- 'tender') ( - - ktlllmUra-), puttikU- 'tennite' (...... purri/CU-), pota- 'young ofan animal' (...... plltra-), ,·Ura- 'fence' ( - Iv"r). vsajj ' 10 stick' (- SahYJfe (vswij», saffa- 'ready for' « saj)'a-). Q-)j . w. , See OBEllUES (19988: 103). 1. 40 (CE ·palkwtIm). The soon -a- reneels the Praknt origm of this word (cr. Pkt. lrumura- (see PrSCHEL § 81 n. • • • See AiGr.
The beginnings of this 'popular Sanskrit" can be traced back to the �gveda. Its hymns are composed in an archaic and at the same time - deliberately archaizing language which lagged behind linguislic evolution. g. 90. 1 3 (abl. 8 (inslr. "Q\,Q- 'boat' .... 21 (gen. sg. of idtim-). 2 (2sg. imp. of JIq). lhita prose', the 'BraltmaI)u prose' and the 'Sfirra language' - show a much advanced vernacular from which quite a number of colloquial fonns intruded into the hieratic language ofrhe rilual lexts.
71. 185. 2). This association IS, however, problematic: for phonological and chronological reasons (lener or Prof. Dr. W. W. MUlter, UnivefSlty or Marburg. dated lsI March, 2002). Bul lo denve It rrorn ';chad '10 cover' - as is done by AIGr. I, Nachtroge p. 135 (ad 242, 1 8) - is implausible. , On this word see LUDWIG (1 896: 2) and HOPKINS ( 1 899: 27). See SPEYER (191 1 : 318·31 9). Sansknlism' of MIddle Indo-Aryan ·so/irQ·. See BURROW ( 1970). &e STaN (1925). A "cholll. }" IS gIven by RENcu (1956� 110 n I).
A grammar of epic Sanskrit by Thomas Oberlies